On July 16, 1945, the first successful nuclear test took place. Namely, in the state of New Mexico (USA) on
However, the American "pacifists" did notto put off the case indefinitely the so-called weapon of deterring the enemy and very quickly moved from theory to practice. Already on August 6, 1945, the "Kid" (13 kilotons of TNT) was dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima, and on August 9, 1945, the "Fat Man" (21 kilotons of TNT) fell on Nagasaki. According to various sources, from 150 to 250 thousand people died.
After such a "show of strength" to activethe development of nuclear weapons was connected not only by the USSR (which, by the way, was engaged in similar developments at about the same time as the Americans, but the final version of the weapon had not yet been developed and did not plan to use it), but also Great Britain, France, and China. In addition to them, India, Pakistan, North Korea and (unofficially) Israel have become nuclear powers in different years.