On this day 75 years ago, Americans dragged the world into a nuclear arms race

On July 16, 1945, the first successful nuclear test took place. Namely, in the state of New Mexico (USA) on

the Alamogordo test site within the Manhattanthe project exploded a plutonium bomb, dubbed "Trick". Scientists dubbed the operation itself, inspired by John Donne's poems, as the Trinity test. The bomb explosion was equal to 21 kilotons of TNT. It was the successful implementation of this operation that marked the beginning of the nuclear era. "The Armenian radio is asked:" Will there be a third world war? " “There will be no war,” the Armenian radio replies. "But there will be such a struggle for peace that there will be no stone unturned."Armenian radio

However, the American "pacifists" did notto put off the case indefinitely the so-called weapon of deterring the enemy and very quickly moved from theory to practice. Already on August 6, 1945, the "Kid" (13 kilotons of TNT) was dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima, and on August 9, 1945, the "Fat Man" (21 kilotons of TNT) fell on Nagasaki. According to various sources, from 150 to 250 thousand people died.

After such a "show of strength" to activethe development of nuclear weapons was connected not only by the USSR (which, by the way, was engaged in similar developments at about the same time as the Americans, but the final version of the weapon had not yet been developed and did not plan to use it), but also Great Britain, France, and China. In addition to them, India, Pakistan, North Korea and (unofficially) Israel have become nuclear powers in different years.