Researchers understand the causes of "geometric storms" on Jupiter

In order to understand the origin of geometric cyclones on Jupiter, the researchers developed

a computer model based on the size and speed of hurricanes. They focused on what phenomena can keep these geometric patterns stable without merging with each other.

The researchers found that stabilitystorms depend on how deeply the cyclones penetrate into Jupiter's atmosphere. In addition, they found anticyclonic rings around each of them - rings of wind rotating in the opposite direction from the storm. Moreover, if its strength is too small, the cyclones merge, and if it is large, they are separated from each other.

Now scientists want to find out why largesome of the vortices remain in the middle and allow the geometry of the storms to be preserved. “Right now, we have no idea what makes them maintain perfect strength. For this we need other models, ”they said.

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In 2016, NASA's Juno probe entered orbit aroundJupiter and discovered giant cyclones arranged in a geometric shape around the poles. At the planet's North Pole, there are eight vortices surrounding the central vortex, and at the South Pole there are six.

“We were surprised that Jupiter's poles are not aliketo the poles of other planets, said lead author Cheng Li, a planetary scientist at the University of California, Berkeley. "We have never seen anything like a cluster of cyclones in a strict structure before."

According to their calculations, each giant storm has a width of 4 to 7 thousand kilometers, and they surround their poles at a distance of 8.7 thousand kilometers. They continue throughout the observation of the planet.

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