In 2018, the Mars Express team discovered that the ice caps of Mars are not covered with ice, but in fact have large
A more thorough analysis of the same data, accumulated over about 9 years of "sounding", has shown that this lake is not the only one - there is a whole network of them.
The lakes are located near the visible ice cap of the South Pole of Mars in the Planum Australe region under ice covering an area of approximately 200 square meters. km.
Most planetary scientists assume that inthe first eras of its existence Mars was very similar to the Earth. At that time, it had a thick atmosphere, oceans of water and a fairly mild climate, that is, the planet was potentially suitable for the origin of life.
However, similar conditions existed on Mars.relatively short, about a billion years after its formation. At the beginning of the so-called Hesperian period, about 3.6 billion years ago, it turned into a lifeless desert. Almost the entire atmosphere of the planet and its water reserves have escaped into space or turned into ice reserves.
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