Crystals helped scientists predict the behavior of volcanoes

The scientists explained that they had tried to create an algorithm for predicting volcanic eruptions.

However, many processes that can promptabout this, occur deep underground in lava tubes. After an eruption, any underground markers that might give clues to the explorers are destroyed in almost all cases.

Therefore, the researchers focused onstudies of olivine crystals that formed during a violent eruption in Hawaii more than half a century ago. After that, researchers at Stanford University found a way to test computer models of magma flow, which they said could reveal more data about past eruptions and possibly help predict future ones.

Scientists note that based on these crystalline data, they can infer the quantitative characteristics of the flow before the eruption and learn about the processes that led to the eruption without drilling.

Scientists have created a database of the most dangerous glacial volcanoes

Millimeter Crystals Scientistsdiscovered in lava after the Kilauea volcano eruption in Hawaii in 1959. Analysis of the crystals showed that they were oriented in a strange but consistent pattern, which, according to the hypothesis of the Stanford researchers, was formed by a wave inside the subsurface magma. Now they have completely modeled this process.

Researchers concluded that magmamoves crystals like waves in the sea. During a volcanic eruption, liquid lava solidifies upon contact with cold air, and this process occurs so quickly that the crystals do not have time to adapt.

They concluded that the unusual locationcrystals speaks of the movement of magma in two directions at the same time, and one flow was above the other, that is, there was no one stable flow in the lava tube. The researchers speculate that the location of the crystals could help predict what happens inside the volcano and when it will erupt.

Read also

Found the alleged kingdom of the disappeared Hittites. What have archaeologists found?

The Doomsday glacier turned out to be more dangerous than scientists thought. We tell the main thing

Biologists have figured out how to identify winning sperm