Temperatures in Africa and the Middle East will rise to 60 ° C in 20 years

A new international study by the Center for Climate and Atmospheric Research (CARE-C) of the Cyprus Institute and

The Max Planck Institute for Chemistry predicts thatignoring climate change signals will lead to extreme and life-threatening heatwaves in the region. This unusual heat will have serious consequences for the people of the MENA - Middle East and North Africa Region - North Africa and the Middle East.

These events will be associated with excessively hightemperatures up to 56 ° C and higher in urban environments and can last for several weeks, being potentially life-threatening to humans and animals, even those resistant to high temperatures such as camels.

In the second half of the century, about halfMENA's population, or approximately 600 million people, may be exposed to these recurring extreme weather events each year that will affect health, agriculture and biodiversity.

In their work, scientists used the first in theira kind of multi-model ensemble of climate projections designed specifically for the geographical area of ​​MENA. The researchers then predicted future hot spells and characterized them using the heatwave magnitude index. It allows one to quantify the intensity of individual events, taking into account both their duration and the temperature anomaly itself.

Such detailed studies to reducescale in this region was absent. The scientific community that deals with regional climate modeling is mainly concentrated in Europe and North America. There has been little interest and insufficient funding to study the impacts of climate change in the Mediterranean and North African region.

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