Russia in the top ten smoking countries: how global tobacco consumption has changed over 30 years

The review analyzes in detail the statistics of smoking and tobacco use in 204 countries of the world, collected during

3625 nationally representative surveys conducted as part of the Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD) project.

Top 10 most “smoking” countries:

  • China,
  • India,
  • Indonesia,
  • USA,
  • Russia,
  • Bangladesh,
  • Japan,
  • Turkey,
  • Vietnam,
  • Philippines.

... Every third tobacco smoker in the world lives in China.

The number of smokers is growing

Statistics show that the number of smokersgrowing overall globally and in 2019 it reached 1.1 billion people. At the same time, smoking was the cause of 7.7 million deaths in the world, including one in five deaths among men.

Review authors, scientists from the GBD collaboration,note that in order to combat the smoking epidemic, countries must fulfill their commitments to adopt and implement effective tobacco control policies, including increasing taxes on tobacco products.

How often do people die from smoking?

Smoking has caused 7.7 million deaths inthe world, including every fifth death among men. To combat the smoking epidemic, the researchers note, countries must implement a number of effective tobacco control policies, including increasing taxes on tobacco products.

Cigarettes and youth

Scientists are particularly concerned about the high smoking rate among young people aged 15-24, with more than half of the world's countries showing no progress in reducing youth smoking.

According to the survey, today one in five young men and one in twenty young women in the world smoke, and nine out of ten current smokers started smoking before the age of 25.

If a person does not smoke regularly by 25years, he is unlikely to become a smoker. This represents a critical window of opportunity for interventions that can prevent young people from starting to smoke and improve their health for the rest of their lives.

Emmanuelle Gacid, Professor at the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), Seattle University, USA

Life expectancy of smokers

The study also found that the averagethe life expectancy of smokers is ten years lower than that of those who have never smoked. Every second smoker, according to the survey, died from causes directly related to smoking.

Scientists note that 87 percent of deathshappened among those who smoked for the rest of their lives, and only 6 percent - among those who quit at least 15 years ago. From this, the authors conclude that it is never too late to end a bad habit.

How to prevent an increase in the number of smokers?

Prohibition of tobacco advertising, including throughsocial media, and the creation of a smoke-free environment, according to the authors, will largely prevent early smoking initiation among young people, and protecting young people from nicotine addiction will be critical to eradicate tobacco use among the next generation.

Smoking is a major risk factor thatthreatens the health of people around the world, but the fight against it in many countries of the world is extremely insufficient. The persistently high rates of youth smoking in many countries, along with the proliferation of new tobacco and nicotine products, underscore the urgent need to redouble tobacco control measures.

Emmanuelle Gacid, Professor at the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), Seattle University, USA

Are electronic cigarettes safer?

Not really. Doctors know that chronic, life-threatening diseases associated with cigarette smoking, such as lung cancer and emphysema, take decades to develop.

It also took decades toscientifically prove that smoking cigarettes causes cancer. Vaping has been popular for about ten years. Scientists have been studying the effects of e-cigarettes for about five years. What they found suggests vaping is unsafe.

Researchers have screened more than 5 thousand.articles, but excluded material published in peer-reviewed journals and small uncontrolled series, except for reports of human lung disease associated with e-cigarette use. The final bibliography was based on the relevance of the topics covered in the review.

In a number of epidemiological studies, they have found an increase in respiratory symptoms in adolescents caused by vaping and an increase in symptoms, for example:

  • bronchitis,
  • asthma,
  • dyspnea,
  • severe chronic cough.

Vaping is associated with nearly double the magnificationthe risk of chronic bronchitis. In some studies, 80% of the subjects had gastrointestinal symptoms and 98% had respiratory symptoms. Acute respiratory distress syndrome was diagnosed in 15 patients. Healthy e-cigarette users have erythematous and irritated airways and more severe bronchial damage has been reported.

Also, electronic cigarettes can cause spicy,physiologically detectable damage to the small airways. A rapidly growing number of cases have linked e-cigarette use to severe inflammatory diseases affecting the small airways and alveoli.

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