Scientists have recreated helium rain on Jupiter and Saturn in the laboratory

Scientists have recreated the weather in the laboratory, which is typical for planets such as Jupiter and Saturn. Using

extremely high pressure and laser shock waves, the researchers created the so-called "helium rain".

The atmospheres of gas giants such as Jupiter andSaturn are composed primarily of hydrogen and helium. Previously, scientists predicted that under such conditions, helium should form liquid droplets and fall, but this has not been experimentally confirmed. Up to this day.

Image by NASA / JPL / Space Research Institute

French and American scientists have recreated the weather conditions typical of the gas giants in the laboratory, and as a result, helium rain did indeed form.

To do this, the researchers squeezed a mixture of hydrogen andгелия примерно в 40 000 раз выше давления атмосферы Земли. Затем ученые ударили лазером по газам, создав таким образом сильные ударные волны. Они сжали водород и гелий еще сильнее, а также нагрели до температуры от 4 425 °C до 9 925 °C.

Helium is not the only unusual substancewhich falls in the form of rain in the atmosphere of other planets. Astronomers have previously found evidence of extraterrestrial rain composed of rocks, diamonds, rubies, and iron.

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