The Mars Express spacecraft has finally received an update to Windows 98

Engineers European Space Agency (Esa) are preparing for the Windows 98 update on the orbiter,

flying around Mars. Spaceship Mars Express has been operating for over 19 years, and the tool Mars Advanced Radar for Subsurface and Ionospheric Sounding (MARSIS) on board uses software created with Windows 98. Fortunately for mankind and the Red Planet, Esa is not preparing to update its systems for Windows ME.

Tool MARSIS on the ship ESA Mars Express became the key to the opening of a huge undergroundliquid water aquifer on the Red Planet in 2018. This major new software update will enable more detailed viewing below the surface of Mars and its moon Phobos. than ever before," says Esa. The agency first launched Mars Express into space in 2003 as her first mission to the Red Planet, and she spent nearly two decades exploring the planet's surface.

MARSIS uses low frequency radio wavesreflecting off the surface of Mars to search for water and study the atmosphere of the Red Planet. The instrument's 130-foot antenna is capable of searching approximately three miles below the surface of Mars, and a software update will improve signal reception and data processing on board to improve the quality of the data that is sent back to Earth.


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“We ran into a number of issues to improve the performance of MARSIS,” explains Carlo Nenna, software engineer enginium, which helps Esa with update. "Not least because the software MARSIS was originally developed over 20 years ago using a development environment based on Microsoft Windows 98!"

Esa and operators National Institute of Astrophysics (INAF) relied on the technique to store large amounts of high-resolution data on the instrument MARSIS, but quickly fills the on-board memory. "By discarding data we don't need, the new software allows us to enable MARSIS five times longer and explore a much larger area with each pass. is talking Andrea Cicchetti, operations manager MARSIS at INAF. “The new software will help usstudy these regions faster and in greater detail in high resolution and confirm whether they are home to new sources of water on Mars. It really does feel like a brand new instrument on board. Mars Express nearly 20 years after launch.

Esa does not tell the exact software to which it will be upgraded MARSIS, but it is unlikely that the team has updated its CB and included TPM2.0 at BIOS, to install Windows 11 It is so?

Source: The Verge