Three meteor showers at once on the last weekend of July: where to watch them

The meteor shower will be best seen on the evening and night of Saturday, July 30th. Maximum activity will last

until Sunday dawn. Therefore, you will have many chances to watch this show.

Also, the streams coincided with the new moon, which means that there will not be a lot of glare.

What are meteor showers?

There is a lot of debris left in the solar systemmore than 4.5 billion years ago after the formation of the planets. Some of this debris is comets and asteroids. They move in orbits that intersect the Earth's trajectory.

Each time these comets and asteroids approach the Sun, they eject debris. For hundreds or thousands of years, their orbits are covered with large streams of dust.

The earth constantly passes through these debris whenmoves around the sun. This is how the annual meteor showers appear. Every year we return to the same point in our orbit, encounter the same stream of debris. It then burns up in the atmosphere without harming anyone.

What are the three meteor showers?

These are the Southern Delta Aquarids, Alpha Capricorns and Piscidae Austrinids.

The International Meteor Organization has released a 3D animated rendering of the Southern Delta Aquarids and Alpha Capricorns meteor showers. They show how the debris is distributed throughout space.

Source: International Meteor Organization

Southern Delta Aquarids

The Southern Delta Aquarids are the most active of thethree streams, during which the meteors move the fastest. Most of the meteors you see this weekend are likely to be from him.

The origin of the South Delta Aquarids is a subjectdisputes. There is a well-established opinion that the Southern Delta Aquarids and several other streams appeared from one parent object. For example, a large comet that disintegrated a long time ago, leaving behind a huge amount of debris.

Over the millennia, the wreckage spread so thatThe Earth collides with them several times a year. The Southern Delta Aquarids are currently associated with Comet 96P/Machholtz. It is the most active object in the debris flow.

The Southern Delta Aquarids are also very active and in 2006 they caused a serious outbreak. Eyewitnesses observed more than 60 meteors per hour during peak activity.

Alpha Capricorns

This shower produces the slowest meteors of the three. They also sometimes look like fireballs that outshine the brightest stars.

These meteors are more likely to be photographed, so this is a great chance to practice your astrophotography.

Piscidae Austrinidae

The last stream - Piscida Austrinida - perhapsthe least studied of the three. This is a small meteor shower, during which, even during peak hours, only a few meteors per hour fall. Their speed is estimated as average.

Where to watch streams?

The main thing for observers is to determine when the radiant of the stream will be above the horizon. The radiant is the point in the sky from which all meteors emanate.

Meteor showers are named for the location of their radiant. Alpha Capricorn, for example, goes from point to point near the star Alpha Capricorn.

How to watch streams?

Meteors can be seen at any time, starting in the middle of the evening. It is best to start around 10 pm and before dawn.

Once you're settled in a comfortable spot, try not to look at your phone. You need to give your eyes enough time to get used to the darkness so that even the faintest meteors can be seen.

In the early evening, it is best to look to the east or northeast. By midnight and just after it is better to watch the show, facing north, and in the hours before dawn - to the west or northwest.

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