Why do they really want to cancel the Bologna system of education in Russia

The head of the Ministry of Education and Science Valery Falkov said that Russia will create its own education system, and the Bologna

the system is a “lived stage”. This was reported to TASS on Tuesday by the press service of the ministry.

What is the Bologna education system?

Bologna education system - concept,adopted in a single educational space for leading European countries. The first countries to agree on a certified education standard signed the Bologna Declaration in 1999.

The Bologna system consists of two levels and involves studying first at the bachelor's degree, and then at the master's degree.

The EHEA was created on the basis of six basic provisions of the Bologna Declaration:

— Adopt a system of scientific degrees. All of them should be comparable between different educational institutions.
— Introduce a two-tier education system. It involves a bachelor's program (undergraduate) and a master's program (graduate).
— Introduce a special ECTS points system or the European Credit Transfer System. Each academic discipline in the program "weighs" a certain number of points.
— Create comfortable conditions for both students andand teachers so that they can gain experience and knowledge in other European universities. At the same time, all criteria and methodologies of different universities are comparable.
- The system also involves active participation in international student projects.

Compliance with all provisions makes the world more open for the student. The student can change universities, the country where he receives education and at the same time will not lose points or time.

Which countries have implemented the Bologna system of education?

The Bologna Declaration was originally signed inSorbonne ministers of four countries - Great Britain, Germany, France, Italy. But today the Bologna system of education is applied far beyond the borders of Europe.

So, today the Bologna processunites 48 countries, among them - Austria, Azerbaijan, Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Vatican, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Greece, Georgia, Denmark, Ireland, Iceland, Spain, Italy, Kazakhstan, Cyprus , Latvia, Lithuania, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey, Ukraine, Finland, France, Croatia, Montenegro, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden , Estonia, Belarus.

Russia and the Bologna process

In the late nineties and early 2000s, afterthe fall of the Berlin Wall, the collapse of the USSR and the end of the Cold War, the world has been captured by globalization. More and more countries were engaged in cultural exchange, much attention was paid to education, as well as to scientific and technological progress. To facilitate international cooperation, European countries have agreed to integrate their national educational systems into a single system, or the European Higher Education Area (EHEA).

Russia joined the Bologna process inSeptember 2003 at the Berlin meeting of European ministers of education. Two years later, Ukraine joined the system, and five years later, Kazakhstan.

Why do they want to abolish the Bologna system of education in Russia?

In Russia, there has long been a debate about the Bologna process.Despite her strengths, she has many detractors. So, according to the rector of Moscow State University Viktor Sadovnichy, the adoption of the Western style of education means for Russia "training laboratory assistants for the West."

“We are ready to accept only some provisionsBologna system, - explained the press secretary of Moscow State University Evgenia Zaitseva. - But some points fundamentally contradict the Russian principles of education. For example, it will be extremely difficult to implement the same bachelor-master scheme on Russian soil. A bachelor's degree takes 3-4 years. And in Russia there are few universities that can produce qualified specialists in three years without compromising the quality of education.”

According to the provisions of the Bologna Process, a studentfrom a Russian university, in theory, can go to any European university. But in practice, everything is not so simple. The problem is that the Bologna system was originally created specifically for Europe. As a result, higher education diplomas are legally recognized in the EU only within the European Union. This means that even if a Russian university works according to the Bologna system, the student's diploma will not be recognized in the EU. It is necessary to negotiate with each university separately: different rules apply for Germany, the UK and the Czech Republic, in addition, a lot depends on each specific university.

The fact that the Russian authorities plan to abandon the Bologna system and return to specialist programs was confirmed to Vedomosti by a representative of the press service of the Ministry of Education.

“With the transition to the Bologna system according to the model“bachelor’s – master’s” specialties have disappeared and the indication of a specific qualification has disappeared,” the source said. According to him, the Bologna system created difficulties in the labor market, for example, the qualification "bachelor / master of teacher education" did not correlate with a specific profession, for example, "subject teacher".

The Ministry of Education clarified that the concernalso caused a reduction in profile training, especially the subject part. This was done to comply with the requirements of the Bologna system, laying a certain number of hours for each course.

The Bologna system works as a toolstrengthening European integration. Russia is far from joining the EU. After February 24, 2022, the introduction of new sanctions and increased isolation, the situation worsened. The European Union recently froze the assets of the Russian Central Bank in the amount of about $300 billion and the assets of sanctioned businessmen and officials with Russian citizenship. It was recently reported that four EU countries would call for the confiscation of these frozen reserves. In addition, the oil embargo is being actively discussed.

As a result, the authorities treat the Bologna process “as a lived stage” and do not see any sense in it. Now the Ministry of Education intends to develop its own education system. What it will be is unknown.

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