AI will teach how to search and collect amphorae that split 2,500 years ago

Specialists of the Fanagoria archaeological expedition working in the Krasnodar Territory are going to

use AI to collect hundreds of amphora shards. The algorithm will evaluate the thickness, the pattern and based on this, it will find the unique location of each piece.

In 2019, we opened a complex:the house burned down in a fire shortly after the first colonists settled here, its basement was full of amphora containers, which came to us in the form of collapses (mixed fragments of ceramics). For the second year already, our specialists have been working on this mosaic, several vessels have already been assembled, and they have been sent for an exposition to our branch in Sochi. But some are still in the works, and we want to try if it will be possible to use modern digital technologies to automatically match fragments to each other.

Sergey Ostapenko, deputy head of the expedition

First, specialists will develop three-dimensional modelseach of the fragments to use during the experiment. They will be created using photogrammetry. During this procedure, each shard is photographed and loaded into a special program, then a model is automatically created. In the case of pieces of pottery, it is expected that there will be about 20-30 shots for each.

Next, the analysis and comparison of the fragments will begin: the AI ​​will analyze the shape, thickness and other parameters of the fragments.

This makes it possible to see such details,which are simply not visible to the naked eye. In addition, the program allows you to make a cut, change the illumination - a very convenient tool for researchers.

Sergey Ostapenko, deputy head of the expedition

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