The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine have released the "Decade Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics"
In the Astro2020 report, experts recommend buildinga new massive telescope with a preliminary cost of $ 11 billion. It will operate in the optical, infrared and ultraviolet ranges, which will allow it to study dark matter, potentially habitable exoplanets, neutron stars and other space objects and phenomena.
The new "Great Observatory" will be partially launchedto replace the Hubble Space Telescope, which is gradually approaching the end of its useful life. It will draw on NASA's Habitable Exoplanet Observatory (HabEx) mission and the Large Ultraviolet Optical Infrared Surveyor (LUVOIR) mission. According to the scientists who proposed the project, the observatory will be really large, which will allow the telescope to observe distant planets.
The Hubble telescope was launched in 1990 and since thensince then he has made more than 1.5 million observations. However, due to a glitch caused by the telescope's power control unit in June, all operations were halted for nearly a month. It was the final reminder that aging telescope equipment could fail this decade. This is why ambitious new projects such as the James Webb Telescope and now the Great Observatory are either nearing launch or proposed as replacements for the iconic Hubble Telescope.
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