While studying the rocks, Curiosity analyzed two rocks and found in them what NASA calls “clay
Mount Sharp rises to a height of 5.5 km above the bottomcrater. Thanks to its structure, researchers can study all the layers of the surface of the planet in the section. NASA is confident that Gale's crater is an ancient impact crater, and before that it was filled with water - about 2 billion years ago.
Probably, the Aberlady and Kilmarie cliffs were formed as a sediment at the bottom of a huge lake, but the scientists still have to find out the details of this.
Rover Curiosity landed on Mars in 2012 and has since collected data on the climate and geology of the planet. In fact, it is currently the only working rover on the surface of Mars.
In 2018, Curiosity discovered ancient organicsin the thickness of sedimentary rocks at the bottom of a dried lake. This discovery led scientists to analyze a variety of models of the development of Mars, in order to understand how organic molecules could appear on its surface.