The summer heat brought with it a drought and lower water levels. As a result, archaeologists and anthropologists have
Traces of World War II in Rome
Drought in Italy helps experts unearth WWII artifacts and architecture from Nero's reign
Months without rain and early snowmelt in the Alpsled to the depletion of the Po - the longest river in Italy - to its lowest level in 70 years. In June, Hi-Tech showed an animation based on data from the Copernicus Sentinel-2 satellite. It shows part of the valley near Piacenza. In comparison photos, you can see that the river has changed a lot between June 2020 and June 2022.
Now, artifacts from the Second World War have been found in the dry river bed, namely a German tank and cargo ships.
Bridge of Nero (or its copy) in Rome
Meanwhile, in Rome, a drought has eroded the Tiber River and exposed a bridge believed to have been built during the reign of Emperor Nero, Pons Neronianus.
“The remains of this Roman bridge are visible whenever the water level in the Tiber drops,” Robert Coates-Stevens, an archaeologist at the British School in Rome, told Live.
Several sources also told the publication thatthe bridge may have been built before the emperor's reign. “The origin of the bridge is unknown, given that it probably existed here before the reign of Nero, and therefore the Pons Neronianu was probably a reconstruction of an earlier river crossing,” Nicholas Temple, professor of architectural history at London Metropolitan University, told Live.
The name Pons Neronianus “appears for the first time only in catalogs of Roman monuments of the 12th century,” the scientist concludes.
Dead bodies in the desert
At the end of July, NASA published satellite imagesLake Mead, the largest reservoir in the United States. Judging by the photographs, between which the difference is 22 years, the water level has fallen to its lowest level since 1937.
According to the US Aerospaceagency, today the reservoir is 27% full, and the water level continues to fall. The reservoir, which is located on the territory of two states - Nevada and Arizona - is at a historical low. It is noteworthy that the reservoir also looked when it was first filled in the spring of 1937.
The falling water level brought a lotsurprises, but not to archaeologists, but to the police and forensic anthropologists. So, over the past four months, the Las Vegas police have already discovered four bodies in three months. The police are preparing for the fact that there will be more corpses. “There is a very high possibility that we will find more human remains as the water levels drop,” Kurier was quoted as saying by police officer Ray Spencer.
One of the bodies was reportedly in a barrel.The remains of another person belong to a young man who died in 1958 at the age of 22 while riding a boat with a friend. Another set of bones belonged to a murder victim in the mid-1970s and 1980s. No further comment has yet been received, authorities are continuing to investigate.
Treasure of Mesopotamia
In December 2021, receding waters duringA severe drought uncovered a 3,400-year-old city along the Tigris River in Iraq. As Hi-Tech previously wrote, this made it easier for the archaeologists' team to study the ruins and map the majority of the settlement before it is further affected by climate change or destroyed.
Credit: University of Tübingen
In just a few days, a group was assembled foremergency excavations. The research project was sponsored by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation. The German-Kurdish archaeological team dated all the structures of the flooded city. It turned out that they belong to the times of the Mittani Empire, which controlled most of Northern Mesopotamia and Syria.
Credit: University of Tübingen
Iraq is one of the hardest hit by the changecountry climate. Since December, large amounts of water have been withdrawn from the Mosul Reservoir, the most important water reservoir in Iraq, to prevent crops from drying up. This led to the revival of the Bronze Age city, which was flooded decades ago without any prior archaeological research. It is located in Kemun, in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq.
Spanish ghost village
In February 2022, something similar already happened -a flooded settlement appeared in Spain after a drought destroyed a dam on the Spanish-Portuguese border. The village of Aceredo in northwestern Spain in the Galicia region was flooded in 1992 to create the Alto Lindoso reservoir. Now the newly "rebellious" ruins are attracting tourists who want to see the village after decades of being underwater.
Scientists expect Galicia to continue to suffer from extreme dry spells. “The risk of drought in the coming decades in this area will increase,” scientists say.
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