The new Google Doodle 4 is dedicated to Sir William Ramsey - Scottish chemist, professor and Nobel laureate
A little biography
William Ramsay was born on October 2, 1852 inGlasgow city. His father was a railway engineer, his uncle Sir Andrew Ramsay, a well-known geologist, and his grandfather worked as a chemist in a company manufacturing chemical products for dyers.
Until 10 years, William studied English, French,Latin languages and arithmetic in preparatory school. He was also fond of music and played football. In 1852, Ramsay entered the Glasgow Academy, and four years later - at the university. When he became interested in chemistry, his father gave him a small set of bertholite salt, phosphorus, sulfuric acid and chemical glassware. Then William began to conduct his first experiments.
In 1871 he went to Germany to studytoluene acids. A year later he defended his thesis "Studies of toluene and nitrotoluene acids" and became a doctor of philosophy. After that, William Ramsay taught for a long time in his hometown.
Since 1890, the scientist studied atmosphericgases along with Lord Rayleigh. After 4 years, they discovered a new gas - argon, and in 1895 their scientific publication "Argon - a new component of the atmosphere" was published. Ramsay later discovered helium, krypton, neon and xenon. In 1904, a chemist received the Nobel Prize for the discovery of noble gases.