Heating the ocean leads to the growth of algae forests off the Arctic coast.

Global climate change today leads to a change in the habitat of marine plants and animals. AT

Western Australia, Eastern Canada, Southern Europe, Northern California and the Eastern United States algae disappear due to warming.

However, in the Arctic - a region where the effectsglobal warming is felt most strongly - the reverse is happening. The rise in the temperature of the World Ocean, which leads to the melting of glaciers, contributes to the growth of laminaria, which live at a depth of 60 m in the seas in the vicinity of the Arctic, scientists have found out.

Algae function underwater just liketrees on land. They create a habitat and change the physical environment, shading the sunlight and softening the waves. Underwater forests that create algae are used by many animals as shelter and food. More than 350 different species - up to 100 thousand small invertebrates - can live on one plant.

While scientists can not explain the reason for the growth of Arctic forests, according to the study.

Earlier it was reported that the rise in temperature of the World Ocean made more than 25% of the glaciers in the western part of the Antarctic unstable.