Heating the ocean leads to the growth of algae forests off the Arctic coast.

Global climate change today is leading to changes in the habitat of marine plants and animals. IN

In Western Australia, Eastern Canada, Southern Europe, Northern California and the eastern US, seagrass is disappearing due to warming.

However, in the Arctic, a region where the consequencesglobal warming is felt most strongly - the reverse process occurs. Rising ocean temperatures, which lead to melting glaciers, promote the growth of kelp, which live at a depth of up to 60 m in the seas around the Arctic, scientists have found.

Algae function underwater in the same way astrees on land. They create habitat and modify the physical environment by shading sunlight and softening waves. The underwater forests that the kelp creates are used by many animals for shelter and food. More than 350 different species - up to 100 thousand small invertebrates - can live on one plant.

While scientists can not explain the reason for the growth of Arctic forests, according to the study.

Earlier it was reported that the rise in temperature of the World Ocean made more than 25% of the glaciers in the western part of the Antarctic unstable.