How to Know if You Have a Thyroid Disease

Doctor of Biological Sciences, Medical Expert, Professor of the Medical Institute of the Russian Friendship University

Peoples Oksana Gizinger told how to understand that a person develops a pathology of the thyroid gland. Discuss

The specialist noted that it all starts withsymptoms. If a person is overly and constantly aroused or tired, suddenly loses or gains weight, if there are chills or sweating, dry skin and hair loss, and women have irregular menstruation, this may indicate the presence of autoimmune thyroid diseases, tumors or inflammation. But the main problem is the deficiency of iodine, which is responsible for the production of specific hormones T3 and T4. In any case, thyroid problems require laboratory tests.

Responds primarily to thyroid diseaseThe "command center" of the endocrine system is the pituitary gland, which increases or decreases the production of thyroid-stimulating hormone, TSH, which stimulates the thyroid gland to produce its own hormones T3 and T4. Therefore, an analysis for TSH is the basic way to check the health of the thyroid gland.

Gizinger said that in Russia, 40% of the population is diagnosed with thyroid disease. And the older the category of patients, the more often deviations in the norm of the TSH hormone are observed.

The doctor emphasized that an extremely important factorthe quality of life of pregnant women is the normal production of thyroid hormones. Pathologies of this organ increase the risks of miscarriage, stillbirth, fetal growth retardation, and the birth of a child with malformations. Therefore, it is important for women to bring hormones back to normal even before pregnancy, and after it - to maintain the required level.

“Problems start with inflammation, swelling,autoimmune thyroid disease. But often the culprit is a deficiency of iodine in the body, which is necessary for the production of the hormones T3 and T4. The search for the real cause requires careful laboratory diagnosis and ultrasound of the thyroid gland. It is worth consulting a doctor even with such common symptoms as irritability or fatigue, weight loss or gain, chills or sweating, dry skin and hair loss, and specifically in women, if the menstrual cycle is disturbed, ”the expert noted.

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