Hubble photographed an ancient dwarf galaxy with a supermassive black hole in the center

The galaxy ESO 495-21 is located in the constellation of Compass at a distance of about 30 million light years from the Sun. She is

refers to dwarf galaxies with a diameter of about 3 thousand light years, and star formation in it occurs several times more often than in our galaxy.

Researchers believe in the center of the dwarfgalaxies may have a supermassive black hole, and a tidal tail at its periphery indicates that in the past, ESO 495-21 has interacted gravitationally with other galaxies.

All of these factors indicate that the galaxyformed in the first few billion years of the Universe. The study of the object will allow astronomers to determine how supermassive black holes formed in the early Universe and how they evolved after.

Earlier, astronomers from the University of Berkeley discovered a dwarf galaxy, which in the past passed along the edge of the Milky Way - as a result of this collision it lost all of its stars.