In early farming communities, gender roles were divided and equally important

In order to find out how the society of the first farmers was organized, the authors of the new work analyzed

over 400 stone tools buried in early Neolithic graves in Central Europe.

They analyzed the characteristics of the instruments: microscopic patterns of wear, and conducted isotopic analyzes and osteological studies of finds from the graves.

The results showed that 5 thousand.years ago, men were buried with stone tools that were used for woodwork, butchering carcasses, hunting, and also as weapons against other people, and women with tools for processing hides and leather.

From this, the authors concluded that the different roles of men and women played a decisive role in the transition to agriculture in human societies.

The data obtained are not indicative of an earlygender inequality, but actually show how dynamic farming societies have been and how flexible they have used the different skills of their members. The role of women and their contribution to early human societies is often downplayed. Here we show that they played an active role in the formation of early farming communities.

Alba Musclance Latorre, Study Director

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