Mangrove forests will protect the planet from global warming under certain conditions

Researchers studying mangrove forests on Hainan Island, China, have found that species diversity in

mangrove forests increase as productionbiomass (the amount of organic matter) and the accumulation of carbon in the soil. The findings highlight the importance of biodiversity conservation in mangrove forests as a natural solution to mitigate climate change.

Biodiversity or biological diversity -is a term that describes the diversity of living organisms on Earth and the degree to which life has changed. Biodiversity includes microorganisms, plants, animals, and ecosystems such as coral reefs, forests, deserts, and more. Biodiversity is everything from towering trees to tiny unicellular algae that cannot be seen without a microscope.

During the work, scientists found that in the easternthe side of the island has the highest biodiversity of mangrove forests. At the same time, in such forests the highest rate of carbon accumulation is on average 537 tons of carbon per hectare (Mg / ha-1, Mg per ha-1). At the same time, the average value in Hainan Island is 328 Mg / ha-1, and worldwide for mangrove forests - 386 Mg / ha-1.

This is the first work based on intensive field research to test the positive effects of biodiversity on mangrove biomass and carbon storage.

Mangroves grow in tropicalregions and are one of the most carbon-rich ecosystems on the planet. There are over 70 different species around the world, 27 of which are found in 26 areas of China studied by researchers.

The researchers also found that areas with high soil nitrogen and annual rainfall have higher mangrove biomass and carbon storage potential.

Research results show that potentialmangrove forests are the more, the greater their biodiversity. In addition to being better at storing carbon, the forests themselves are more resilient to external changes. Thus, preserving the biodiversity of mangrove forests is critical to ensuring their ability to mitigate the effects of climate change.

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In the international system of units of measurement, unitsthe dimensions are assigned to the abbreviation. M stands for Mega (million), g-gram (or gram), and ha-hectare. Part -1 is the equivalent of 'per'. Therefore, mg ha-1 means megagrams per hectare.