Neanderthals could perceive and reproduce speech

According to a new study published by an international multidisciplinary research group,

Neanderthals - the closest ancestors of modern man - had the ability to perceive and develop human speech.

“This is one of the most important studies in whichwe have been involved throughout our careers. The results are convincing and clearly show that Neanderthals had the ability to perceive and develop human speech. It is one of the few ongoing fossil-based research lines to study the evolution of language; this is a very difficult study for anthropologists, ”the scientists noted.

They also added that the evolution of the language and linguistic abilities of Neanderthals is a long-standing issue of human evolution.

Neaderthals and Homo Sapiens used the same tools

The study used computerhigh-resolution tomographs to create virtual 3D models of ear structures in Homo sapiens and Neanderthals, as well as earlier fossils that represent the ancestors of Neanderthals. The data collected from the 3D models was fed into a software model developed in the field of auditory bioengineering. So scientists were able to see that their hearing abilities reached up to 5 kHz - they covered most of the frequency range of modern sounds of human speech.

Another result of the study was thatNeanderthal speech included heavy use of consonants. The scientists added that this discovery was an interesting aspect that could lead to an even more active study of the linguistic abilities of fossil human ancestors.

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