The human kidneys perform many important functions: they remove toxins and waste products from the blood,
The authors of the new work have created an artificial kidney that duplicates the main functions of a real organ, without the need to take immunosuppressive drugs or blood thinners.
The artificial kidney consists of a hemofilter,which is made of silicon semiconductor membranes: they remove waste products from the blood. The second part of the design is a bioreactor, which contains renal tubular cells that regulate water volume, electrolyte balance, and other metabolic functions.
The new kidney connects to two majorthe patient's arteries, which transport blood for filtration and carry filtered blood back into the body, as well as with the bladder to excrete urine there.
The researchers note that the kidney does not need a pump or external power sources; blood pressure does all of these functions.
To read Further
A unique boat turns into a submarine in two minutes and is invisible to the enemy
Physicists have cooled atoms to the lowest temperature in the world
The most detailed model of the Universe has been published online. Anyone can study it