These waves set a speed record of 1,158 km/h, according to a new study.
"It was hugeunique explosion.Atmospheric waves from the volcano propagated at unprecedented speeds, very close to the theoretical limit," Corwin Wright, lead author of the study, said in a statement.
Volcano Hunga-Tonga-Hunga-Haapai, or simplyHunga, is located about 65 km northwest of Tonga's capital, Nuku'alofa, and lies within a line of volcanoes called the Tonga-Kermadek volcanic arc.
On January 15, an eruption occurred, during which the volcano ejected a huge column of gas and particles into the mesosphere - the third layer of the atmosphere above the Earth's surface.
The plume reached 58 km in height. This is the highest plume height ever recorded by satellites.
Using satellite data and ground-based observations, the team said that the Hunga volcano eruption was one of the most powerful in modern history.
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