Russian decentralized startups: alternative marketplaces, earnings on blogs and a universal supercomputer

In January 2019, a survey by the research company Research Intelligencer was published. As a result, 26% of respondents

called "blockchain" the most overrated word2018. At the same time, according to a Deloitte study, 74% of all respondents believe that the use of blockchain in their company is a “serious business case.” 40% of these executives are willing to invest more than $5 million each.

In fact, a sufficient number of RussianCompanies as they tried to do business on the blockchain, and continue. And we can say that there is a certain number of real projects that work and bring in money. In this compilation we talked about four major Russian startups built on the blockchain, in which both investors and users invest money from the moment of their foundation to the present, while they are already up and running.


One of the most famous blockchain projects comes fromfrom Russia. Waves is a blockchain platform for issuing its cryptographic tokens and conducting crowdfunding campaigns, that is, for introducing the blockchain into any business. The platform was launched in 2016. It is based on the Leased Proof of Stake consensus (“leased proof of ownership” - “High tech”), which allows even the smallest investors to transfer their coins to full rental units in exchange for a portion of the mining profits. This is one of the main advantages of the system.

Full nodes (nodes)— computers connected to the blockchain network 24/7and completely synchronized with it. Full nodes store all blockchain data, starting with the genesis block. The volume of this data increases every year. For example, in Bitcoin today it is about 200 GB. Most of the nodes in the network are light nodes, but it is the full nodes that form its backbone.

Landlords can return at any timetransferred funds. Cryptography used to ensure the immutability of the block chain, similar to the Bitcoin system. This is a classic public key encryption. The holder of tokens retains control over his balance until his private key is known to an outsider. Tokens can be converted into either fiat or cryptocurrency, as well as tokens of other projects. Decentralization makes the exchange resistant to attacks from the outside. The idea of ​​Waves is not to replace Bitcoin, but to create a completely decentralized platform for exchanging, transferring any kind of assets - cryptocurrency, fiat currencies and others. Fiat currencies are organized through Waves Fiat Gateways.


The functionality of the platform is also quite wide in comparison with peers - for example, there is a plugin for Google Chrome, which greatly facilitates the work.

DAO PlayMarket 2.0

There is one giant Android marketGoogle, and a couple of dozen alternative markets (the largest of them are Amazon Appstore, Opera Mobile Store and Aptoide). However, only two markets accept cryptocurrency, and one of them has a decentralized architecture, this is DAO PlayMarket 2.0. The project has been developing since 2017. Decentralized architecture - the lack of a single entry point and unified storage - allows for a much broader functionality compared to the classic market. DAO is an ecosystem with a large number of roles: in addition to the owner of the application (developer) and user, there is also an investor, as well as the owner of the node (node) used for distribution. Such a market - completely transparent, automatic, unchangeable and credible - allows only blockchain technology to be created. All processes within the market are governed by smart contracts that cannot be changed after launch.

Google takes 30% of the commission for the sale of applications,in DAO PlayMarket 2.0, owners pay only 1% of the turnover passing through the node, and this reward is, in fact, transactional expenses. The platform itself issues stocks (tokens), and their holders - about 2 thousand people - control the further development of the project. Including with the help of the system of smart contracts, the owners of DAO PlayMarket 2.0 can solve personnel issues, for example, whether to change the development team.

In addition, applications can release theircryptoshares with the right to receive dividends, that is, to do STO (Security Token Offering) and attract investments through their sale. Of course, the market itself also earns: as soon as the application creates promotions, it automatically gives 5% as a reward to the platform. Shares are accumulated and distributed among the owners of DAO PlayMarket 2.0 (there are about 2,000 of them), who decide by open voting on the blockchain where and how the project will develop. The process of investing and receiving dividends of the platform is based on the work of three different modules: at the beginning of the action, applications are created and sold to the market according to the formula (that is, the price does not change and is basic). The second module - the exchange - is, in fact, a secondary market for application shares, and they are sold and bought for as much as buyers and owners want. The third module is represented by a smart contract, where dividends are paid to the owner of the application not through the exchange, but with the help of a button in the menu, that is, they are charged not by the exchange, but by the platform itself.

Nodes work as follows: when downloading, the mobile application searches for the nearest node, then its identifier is added to all payment transactions, and the smart contract divides the payment: 1% to the node, 99% to the developer. This, too, can be called mining, but not classic, but mining for storage of applications and providing access to them.

To protect users from substandardor unfair operation of the node, a pause was introduced between the request for withdrawal of the security deposit and the permission for withdrawal. When prompted for output, the node is immediately excluded from the list available for connection. The security deposit is a dynamic value, and it depends on the financial turnover passing through the node, but the cost of losses is high enough for the owners to decide to withdraw funds. In addition, due to decentralization, the destruction of one node should not affect the work, the application will switch to another node, so the owner himself is interested in its smooth operation.


Many application owners facelocks on classic markets, the decentralized system is devoid of this minus. There are two options for blocking: the marketplace can block access for a specific region, for example, at the request of the regulator - as happened in the Crimea. In DAO PlayMarket 2.0, this type of blocking is impossible by architecture, since the controller cannot effectively influence the platform. The second type of blocking is when the regulator blocks access to the service (for example, Telegram in Russia). In DAO PlayMarket 2.0, application data is stored partly in smart contracts, partly in an IPFS distributed storage system. Smart contracts are stored on the blockchain, and IPFS via DHT (distributed hash tables - “High-tech”) allows you to find and download data, so blocking such a system is difficult to implement.

IPFS (InterPlanetary File System)- distributed file system.The difference from other decentralized networks is that an independent unit transmitted in the network is a block, which can contain both part of a file and links to other blocks. IPFS combines a distributed hash table, decentralized block exchange, and a self-certifying namespace. However, IPFS has no points of failure, and nodes are not required to trust each other. are blogs on the blockchain, where users earn money for any actions. As elsewhere in the blockchain, any operation here is a transaction that requires coins. To date, about 140 thousand users have been registered on the platform. is a public media platform like Habr or the good old LiveJournal. But due to the fact that it is built on the blockchain, the author of the posts shares the remuneration with those who are ready to promote a specific post, support the project technically and vote for the usefulness of the content. The cost of one post can go up to $ 100-300, but in order to achieve such payments, you need to comprehend the entire difficult project economics (three different tokens, an up-pricing system, that is, post-leveling). The account in Golos itself is the wallet, and is a web interface with a user interface, powered by the golos blockchain. The tokens obtained for publishing posts (virtual coins - “High-tech”) can be converted to Bitcoin via an external exchange, and then converted to fiat money. You can accumulate tokens, increasing the "weight" of your account and the ability to more significantly influence the voting process. You can also multiply tokens on the built-in exchange.


SONM - decentralized fog computingplatform. In fact, it is a universal supercomputer for any calculations. Thanks to blockchain technology, participants interact without intermediaries and can create their own market. The platform is used for hosting online stores, applications, transactions in video games, analyzing big data, creating neural networks and much more.

With the help of the service anyone canEarn on renting the capacity of your computer. Inside the platform has its own currency, SONM, with which you can buy hashrate, that is, the power of the supercomputer. Owners of system tokens earn a percentage of transactions and transaction fees. Owners of computing power quickly and conveniently carry out calculations and information processing. SONM is a completely decentralized platform, it does not have a single body that would regulate or carry out the distribution of computing resources.


The platform uses foggy calculations insteadcloud infrastructure, which means there is no need to prepay for the provision of private or monopolized cloud computing. This is a salvation for former miners, because mining is becoming less and less profitable. For example, if you rent a good graphics card that can do 3D video rendering, you can earn more than on mining mining cryptocurrency and, of course, more than if the equipment will just stand. With the help of SONM, you can “mine” problems from the real world instead of just burning electricity - for example, solving problems for real production, some real high-load systems that need help in calculations.