Scientists create a genetic library for the megaecosystem in the Pacific Ocean

The California Current covers 3,218 km and extends from the Canadian island of Vancouver to the middle

Baja Peninsula in Mexico.The current brings cold water from the North Pacific Ocean to the west coast of North America and is home to numerous species as the current lifts rich nutrients from the deep waters.

The current supports a large marine ecosystem that is home to a variety of species, from killer whales to abalone.

Now University of California ecologist PaulBarber and colleagues at the University of California and three other institutions have created a library of DNA barcodes that identify 605 species in the California Current, including 275 that have not previously been cataloged. The database covers about 70% of all animals that live there, including 99.9% of controlled species that are important for conservation and fishing.

Barcodes are a sequence of letters (A, T, C, and G) that describe the unique order of amino acids (adenosine, thymine, cytosine, and guanine) that identify the DNA of each species.

The new database will allow researchers toconservationists and fishing boat owners can become familiar with species and ecosystems, and it can help identify where certain species need additional protection.

Read more:

Data from spy satellites helped to find out the cause of melting glaciers in Asia

New nanofiber quickly converts seawater into drinking water

A resident of Turkey accidentally found traces of an unknown civilization in the courtyard of the house