Scientists have discovered five complex organic molecules near the young star V883 Orionis. At a distance of 1.3 thousand light years from Earth!

An extremely rare phenomenon recently occurred with the young star V883 Orionis - the neighboring star FU Orionis sharply (in

tens of times) increased its brightness due toa rupture stream of material that flows from a protoplanetary disk to a star. As a result, scientists were able to examine the entire protoplanetary disk of the star V883 Orionis, through which light came from FU Orion.

This snowy protoplanetary disk contains iceand particles frozen in it. Orion's FU flare heated up the ice, causing the particles to become trapped in the gas surrounding them. Scientists discovered the organic molecules through ALMA thanks to a partial change in the spectrum of light that passes through them from the star.

Most likely, the light passed through methanol(CH3OH), acetone (CH3COCH3), acetonitrile (CH3CN), acetaldehyde (CH3CHO) and methyl formate (CH3OCHO). They are in a ring-shaped structure at a distance of about 60 a. e from the V883 Orionis.

Scientists note that the discovery will make it possible to better know the composition of solid space protoplanets that arise around new stars from a protoplanetary disk.