Scientists have figured out where the next pandemic will start and what will cause it

Earth's climate is changing and the planet continues to warm up. Scientists have modeled how this will affect the transmission

interspecies viruses.According to their modeling, wild animals will be forced to change their habitats to regions with a large population. This would drastically increase the risk of human exposure to animal viruses. Scientists believe this could lead to the next pandemic.

Link between climate change and virus transmissionanalyzed by an international research team led by scientists from Georgetown University. The results of the work were published April 28 in the journal Nature.

In their study, the scientists conducted the first comprehensive assessment of how climate change is restructuring the global mammalian virome.

  • Virom is a collection of allviruses located on the mucous membranes (SO) and human skin. On the one hand, these are viruses that cause acute, persistent or latent infection, on the other hand, they are united in the human genome. Virom includes both eukaryotic and prokaryotic viruses (bacteriophages). The new study examines the virome of both humans and mammals.

The work focuses on geographic range shifts—global movements of species to new regions in pursuit of their familiar habitat.

The researchers are sure:these shifts open up more opportunities for viruses like Ebola or coronaviruses. They will appear in new areas, making them harder to track, and in new animal species, making it easier for pathogens to infect humans.

The concern is that habitatsanimals will be disproportionately displaced into overpopulated areas, creating new pockets of risk of spread. Much of this process may already be well under way and efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions may not stop these developments. In 2070, population centers in equatorial Africa, southern China, India and Southeast Asia will coincide with predicted hotspots for cross-species transmission of the virus in the wild, according to the report.

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