Scientists have named three "hot spots" for the catastrophic extinction of corals

A survey of coral reefs in 87 countries found that species diversity on reefs has declined by more than 60%, and

the total reef coverage has been reduced by about half.At the same time, the deteriorating state of ecosystems has affected people who live near reefs. Three hot spots were hit hardest: the waters of Indonesia, the Caribbean and the South Pacific. Climate change in the future will accelerate the degradation of these ecosystems at times and lead to disaster.

The results of the work were published in the journal "One Earth".

The ability of coral reefs to maintainthe ecosystem fell by about 50%. This suggests the need to protect corals not only in certain regions of the Earth, but throughout the world as a whole, since the survival of these ecosystems depends on the life of a huge number of people.

William Chung, co-author of the study, professor at the University of British Columbia in Canada

The authors of the work are sure that already this centurya fifth of all coral reefs will completely disappear, including the Great Barrier Reef. The problem is not only warming, corals are threatened by new infections and parasites that are spreading across the Pacific and Indian oceans.

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