All the remains belonged to the period of the Three Kingdoms in Korea - from 57 BC. before 668 AD First published
The study showed that the ancient Koreans fromthe Gaia confederations were more genetically diverse than the contemporary Korean population. The remains of eight skeletons were found in the Daesong-dong burial mound, a cult burial complex of the Gaia confederation, as well as in the Yuha-ri mound. Both facilities are located in Gimhae, South Korea.
Some of the eight people were ownerstombs, others were attributed to ordinary people, and one child was buried in a mound of shells. This is a typical funeral custom in Southeast Asia, which is not related to the privileged.
According to the authors, individual geneticthe differences do not correlate with the typology of the grave. This means that social status in Three Kingdoms Korea was not related to genetic origin. It also failed to find a clear genetic difference between the owners of the graves and those who were sacrificed, says anthropologist Pere Gelabert.
Six of the eight people studied weregenetically closer to modern Koreans, Japanese, Kofun Japanese, and Neolithic Koreans. The genomes of the remaining two were slightly closer to modern Japanese and ancient Japanese Jomon. This means that there was more genetic diversity on the Korean Peninsula in the past than it is today.
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