Sneezing plants helps viruses spread faster

The leaves of many plants and cereals are superhydrophobic - this means that water droplets quickly roll down on them.

Small droplets on the leaves merge easily, andthe excess energy of their surface tension is converted into kinetic energy and leads to the fact that some drops are ejected - this is called plant sneezing.

Research scientists found that as a resultThis process drops fly up to a height of 5 mm - there they are picked up by the wind. Drops may contain spores of fungi that are dangerous for cereals, for example, Puccinia recondita, which cause brown rust in wheat.

The study notes that the process of spreading the dispute occurs fairly quickly - in an hour a large plant can share ten mushroom spores with its neighbors.

Previously researchers from the University of Iowadeveloped a system for creating three-dimensional images of cereals and herbs. The development will allow a better understanding of the pollination mechanism and conditions for crop growth.