The base camp from which climbers go to the summit of Everest needs to be moved. Reason is not
There are two base camps on Everest:the one located on the Chinese side, in the north, and less frequently visited because it requires much more permits; and the second, which is located on the territory of Nepal. This is the South Base Camp, or Camp Khumbu, which takes its name from the glacier on which it rests. The Nepalese authorities decided to move it no later than 2024 to another location.
The destruction of the glacier near the Khumbu camp
Khumbu camp is located at an altitude of 5364 metersabove sea level. Today it is a popular tourist spot among climbers, as it can be reached on foot from the nearby Sherpa capital of Namche at an altitude of 3,440 meters. Namche is usually reached from Lukiya, a small town north of Kathmandu that also has one of the most dangerous airports in the world.
According to study authors Scott Watson andOwen King of the University of Leeds in the UK, the glacier lost almost 200 million cubic meters of ice between 1984 and 2015. The glacier is currently losing 9.5 million cubic meters of ice each year.
This loss results in surface degradation andthe appearance of cracks in the ice and melting lakes that pose a danger to people. Note that in the peak season, about 1,500 people climb Everest.
The problem is not only the general increase in temperaturein this district. The thousands of tourists visiting the base camp are also helping to destabilize the glacier. “We found that people who visit the camp excrete about 4,000 liters of urine every day,” explains Himial Gautam, one of the members of the committee that recommended relocating the camp. The idea is to move the enclave to a safer location 200–400 meters down the mountain.
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