Recall that at the end of 2019, Betelgeuse, a bright orange star in the constellation Orion, faded by about 66%.
To understand the reason for the unusual phenomenon, the authorscompared images taken by the Very Large Telescope (VLT) in January and March 2020: they used their example to track the dynamics of changes in the surface of a star. They noted a noticeable darkening in the southern hemisphere, which had become ten times dimmer than usual. Moreover, the shape and intensity of the dark spot changed rapidly.
We saw how the star's appearance changes in real time over several weeks.
Miguel Montarger, staff member of the Paris Observatory.
As a result, the authors concluded that the darkening was caused by a dust cloud: a few hours before the sharp decrease in brightness, the star ejected a large gas bubble.
This cooling was sufficient for heavier elements such as silicon to condense into solid dust in the gas cloud.
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