What awaits us after COVID-19? How fertility, marriage and gender roles will change

What will the post-image world be like?

The coronavirus pandemic that began over a year ago has changed lives

people.Social distance, economic decline and growth of online commerce, people’s shift to a remote format of work and communication ... This is only part of how the new type of coronavirus has affected society. However, even when the pandemic subsides, life will not be the same. The consequences of COVID-19 - what will they be? Scientists decided to find out.

A group of researchers, which included severalexperts at the University of California at Los Angeles, I am sure that the crisis brought by the pandemic will lead to lasting psychological consequences even for those who have not been infected.

Basic predictions and ideas

  • According to the senior author of the study,Marty Hazelton, a female psychology and communication research professor at the University of California at Los Angeles, said pregnancy plans to decline in a world plagued by disease. As a result the birth rate will also fall... In addition, many couples will increasingly delay marriage.
  • Lonely people are now less likely to start new relationships. According to scientists, men and women who are able to be alone with themselves are more likely to stay lonely.
  • Since children are more often at home due to the pandemic, it is often women spend more time for their care and training.As a result, paid jobs are less likely to be available to them. As a result, women have to rely more on male partners as breadwinners. In the future, this could push humanity towards socially conservative gender norms and potentially lead to a rejection of equality in relationships.
  • Unlike many crises in the past, the pandemic COVID-19 Doesn't Bring People Together... Despite some exceptions, it does notleads to an increase in kindness, empathy, or compassion. Benjamin Seitz, a PhD student in psychology at the University of California with a background in behavioral neuroscience, highlighted the worsening situation, especially in the United States.
  • “During a pandemic, the human species is not in tuneto search for an understanding of the world as it really is, ”the authors write. Our tribal predisposition to groupthink leads to widespread misinformation. People tend to look for data to support their opinion. Scientists say people too often distrust health experts. This was especially noticeable during the pandemic, and the situation will continue in the post-like world.

As a result, the psychological, social and social consequences of COVID-19 will remain for a long time. And the longer the pandemic lasts, the more dramatic these changes will be.

COVID-19: A Global Social Experiment

As the number of marriages plummets,and as humans postpone reproduction in a virus-ridden world, the population of some countries will decline dramatically and fall below "reproduction rates," the authors write. The drop in fertility, in turn, will have cascading social and economic consequences. This will affect employment opportunities, limiting the ability of many countries to keep their aging populations safe and potentially causing a global economic downturn. Simply put, the population will age rapidly. However, there will be no one to take care of the elderly.

Research has shown that even before the pandemicwomen were more stressed than men due to family and work responsibilities. They now do more domestic work related to childcare and education. In medicine and other sciences, women scientists are already publishing significantly less research than a year ago at the same time, scientists say. At the same time, men, on the contrary, demonstrate increased productivity.

In addition, the study authors foresee a shift inside of social conservatism. The pandemic may result in less tolerance for legal abortion and the rights of sexual minorities that do not correspond to traditional gender roles. Also, in times of economic inequality, women can sexualize themselves more in order to compete with each other for men.

People who meet online oftendisappointed in a personal meeting. “Does the couple have chemistry? Often times this is not the case with Zoom, ”explains Professor Hazelton. Translating relationships online will lead to over-idealization of a potential partner and subsequent disappointment.

As a result, the pandemic has already become a worldwide socialexperiment, say the authors, whose areas of expertise include psychology, neuroscience, behaviorism, evolutionary biology, medicine, social sciences, and economics.

Evolutionary struggle

For the study, the authors used an evolutionaryperspective. This allowed them to highlight the strategies the virus has developed to use against humans; the strategies that mankind possesses to combat it; and the strategies that we, as a species, need to acquire.

People today are a product of social and geneticevolution in an environment that is unlike the world today. Scientists believe that it is these "evolutionary inconsistencies" that are responsible for our frequent lack of anxiety in response to the pandemic.

People increasingly value individuality andthe ability to challenge authority. This combination is not particularly effective during a pandemic, the researchers emphasize. The coronavirus exposes human weaknesses.

The study authors call the virus "insidious"because of its ability to infect us through contact with people we love and who seem healthy. “Social characteristics that define. what it means to be human make people a prime target for viral exploitation, '' says Professor Hazelton. "Policies that urge us to isolate and distance ourselves profoundly affect our families, jobs, relationships and gender roles."

All infectious agents, including viruses,are subjected to evolutionary pressure to manipulate the physiology and behavior of their hosts - in this case us - in a way that enhances their survival and transmission. According to the authors, SARS-CoV-2, which causes COVID-19, can alter human nervous tissue to alter people's behavior. This can suppress feelings of nausea and perhaps even heighten our social impulses during periods of peak transmissibility before symptoms appear. People who are infected but do not feel unwell are more likely to go about their daily activities and come into contact with other people they may infect.

In fact, disgust is beneficial and motivates us.avoid people with obvious signs of illness such as blood, pale skin, lesions, yellow eyes, or a runny nose. But COVID-19 infection does not always manifest itself. The authors note that family, friends, coworkers, and strangers can appear perfectly healthy and have no symptoms for days without even knowing they are infected.

It may seem counterintuitive, but forNormal brain development requires exposure to a diverse array of bacteria to help prepare young people for a range of pathogenic hazards that they may face in adulthood. However, home safety and quarantine measures have temporarily suspended social activities that would otherwise have exposed millions of teenagers to the new bacteria. As a result, according to scientists, this change can negatively affect children and adolescents, whose immune system and brain during normal times will be actively formed under the influence of various pathogens.

Understanding how SARS-CoV-2 develops and provideson us, behavioral and psychological effects that enhance its transmission, people will be able to better deal with it so that it becomes less dangerous and deadly, the authors of the study conclude.

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