Why do people risk their lives to save others: scientists answer

In critical situations, there are almost always those who are ready to endure hardship and pain in order to save others.

But how are these individuals different from others? Frank T. McAndrew, a professor of psychology at Knox College, spoke about this. Discuss

Psychologists have studied what kind of people tend tomanifestation of heroism in dangerous situations. Studies show that it is usually men, not women, who are prone to such actions. However, not all men, but only some.

When the situation calls for physical manifestationrisky courage (for example, you need to act while there is a terrorist on the train or a shooter in the school), people expect that it is men who will take the initiative. This is a stereotype, but it is connected with the evolutionary development of people. One of the biggest fears men have is that they will be seen as cowards. In the process of evolution, it always turned out that men who showed heroic courage had advantages in choosing a partner.

Psychological research has also shownthat the altruistic behavior of men is most admired when it manifests itself in the form of risky heroism. Another study has shown that men tend to act generous when an attractive woman is around.

A team of European psychologists studied,Is war really an arena for men to demonstrate their abilities and impress others. The first study found that of the 464 Americans who received the Medal of Honor during World War II, there were more children than any other US military.

The second study found thatwomen rated the attractiveness of men who behaved heroically during the war higher than the attractiveness of other soldiers. A third study found that women's heroic behavior in war does not make them more attractive to men.

At the moment they are just startingresearch related to personality traits and the manifestation of heroism. So there is not much to say about this yet. The only thing is that during one of the studies, where participants assessed the personalities of movie characters, it turned out that people expected the characters to be more pleasant, emotionally secure, extroverted, conscientious, open to experience than the average person.

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